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Crochet Basics: A Beginner’s Guide to Getting Started

Crochet is a versatile and enjoyable craft that can be used to create a wide variety of items, from clothing and accessories to home decor. If you’re new to crochet, this beginner’s guide will help you learn the basics and start on your crochet journey. Let’s dive in!

Lesson 1: Gather Your Supplies

To get started with crochet, you’ll need a few essential tools:

  1. Crochet hook: Choose a hook size that is suitable for the yarn you’ll be using. As a beginner, a size H-8 (5mm) hook is a good choice, as it works well with medium-weight yarn.
  2. Yarn: Select a smooth, medium-weight yarn in a light color, as it will be easier to see your stitches. Avoid textured or fuzzy yarns, as they can be difficult for beginners to work with.
  3. Scissors: You’ll need a pair of sharp scissors to cut your yarn.
  4. Yarn needle: A blunt-tipped yarn needle is useful for weaving in loose ends once you’ve finished your project.

Lesson 2: Make a Slip Knot

To begin your crochet project, you’ll need to create a slip knot:

  1. Make a loop with the yarn, leaving a tail of about 6 inches.
  2. Insert the crochet hook into the loop from front to back.
  3. Pull the working yarn (the yarn connected to the ball) through the loop, tightening the knot around the hook.

Lesson 3: Learn the Foundation Chain

The foundation chain is the starting point for most crochet projects. To make a chain stitch:

  1. Hold the slip knot on the hook in your right hand.
  2. Grasp the working yarn with your left hand, and wrap it around the hook from back to front (this is called a “yarn over”).
  3. Pull the yarn through the loop on the hook, creating a new loop. This is your first chain stitch.
  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to create additional chain stitches.

Lesson 4: Practice the Single Crochet Stitch

The single crochet stitch is a basic stitch that you’ll use often in crochet projects. To work a single crochet:

  1. Insert your hook into the second chain from the hook.
  2. Yarn over and pull through the chain, leaving two loops on your hook.
  3. Yarn over again and pull through both loops on the hook. This completes your first single crochet stitch.
  4. Repeat steps 1-3 in each chain across the foundation chain.

Lesson 5: Work Additional Rows

To continue your crochet project, you’ll need to work additional rows:

  1. Chain one (this is called a “turning chain”).
  2. Turn your work so that you’re now working from right to left.
  3. Insert your hook into the first single crochet stitch of the previous row.
  4. Work a single crochet stitch as before, and continue across the row.
  5. Repeat steps 1-4 to create additional rows.


Congratulations! You’ve learned the basics of crochet, including making a slip knot, creating a foundation chain, and working single crochet stitches. As you continue to practice, you’ll become more comfortable with these techniques and can start exploring new stitches and patterns. Happy crocheting!